This was designed under the leadership of Nikolay A. Shomin on the basis of the Izdeliye 476 tank and the running
gear of the T-80 tank. The T-80UD was the last and the most advanced of the Soviet-designed
The fire-control system enables both the gunner and the commander to fire the main gun and coaxial machine gun. The tank protection is ensured by the combined armour and explosive reactive armour. The tank's multi-fuel two-stroke turbo-piston diesel engine ensures high fuel efficiency and a long cruising range. The engine support systems make it possible to operate the tank at ambient fuel temperatures of up to 55 degrees Centigrade and to ford to a water depth of 1.8 m.
The overall design of the tank was so successful that the Guards Armoured Division located near Moscow (Russia)
was equipped with T-80UDs.
In 1996 Pakistan placed an order with Ukraine for the supply of 320 T-80UD MBTs.
These were delivered in 1997-1999.
The T-80UD is in service with Ukraine, Russia and Pakistan.
|Year of manufacture of the first vehicle
|- main gun
|- coaxial machine gun
|- anti-aircraft machine gun
|Engine power output
|Maximum road speed